10 Inspiring People Who Changed The World
Lincoln was born on 12 February, 1809. He lost his mother at an early age and father left him. Hence, Lincoln had to do a number of manual labour. He had a thirst for knowledge and this led him to become a self- learned lawyer. He was a person who changed the world with his ideas and actions. He didn’t want slavery to spread. He played a very important role in ensuring that the Union survived its greatest challenge during the American Civil War.
South Africa enforced racial division till very long time. Blacks were not given the right to vote. When nelson Mandela was released from prison in 1990, he started negotiations with then- president Frederik William de Klerk. Apartheid ended when, in 1994, multi- racial elections were held. He had a strong determination that anger over the crimes of the past should never motivate future laws and actions. This was his biggest influence on the New South Africa. Key to this was his 1995 establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission that investigated historic human rights violations and gave vent to grievances.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as mahatma Gandhi is father of the nation of India. He led India’s independence movement in the 1930s and 40s using non- violent methods and influencing speeches. Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement, started in the early 1920s, urged Indians to boycott British goods and traditions and become self-reliant. His most famous protest came in 1930, when Gandhi led thousands of Indians on a 250-mile march to a coastal town to produce salt, on which the British had a monopoly. Proved that one man has the power to take on an empire, using both ethics and intelligence.
Charles Darwin, is remembered as the father of evolutionary thinking. He experimented that living species were not the same throughout the millennium. Species were the product of a gradual process of change. Darwin said that these changes were driven by natural selection i.e. the survival and proliferation of living beings suited to their condition, to the detriment of those less appropriate. He also spoke about Natural variation in a population provided the suitable things on which natural selection could act. Darwin produced a book called ‘On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection’, possibly the most important scientific book ever published. Biology would never be the same again.
Sir Isaac Newton
He discovered that white light is made up of a spectrum of colours with the help of a crystal prism. He also developed the concept of infinite-series calculus, the kind of scary math studied today by engineering and statistics scholars. Newton also gave his three laws of motion which students struggle with even today. Newton’s wide range of discoveries, from his theories of optics to his ground- breaking work on the laws of motion and gravity, formed the basis for modern physics.
Christopher Columbus and his crew of explorers were the first explorers to be heralded for their “discovery” of new lands to the west. His discovery undoubtedly changed history by opening up new lands for the European imperial powers to colonize and conquer, signalling the end of western hemisphere civilizations that were pushed to extinction. New products were introduced such as corn, potatoes, tobacco, etc to the rest of the world, and by laying the foundations for the new states of the western hemisphere.
He is considered the founder of the field of philosophy and to some the first scientist, where his work has continued to influence modern thought and ideas. Aristotle likewise expounded on numerous fields and sciences that have affected these investigations right up ’til the present time. Aristotle’s views on ethics and morality that became highly influential to modern philosophy. Many of Aristotle’s works didn’t survive because of the different conquests by other dynasties. His surviving works influenced Greek and Roman thought. He had a profound influence on the sciences. He emphasized on the ideas of empirical research or observations and also included his ideas of induction and deduction.
He was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer. Galileo played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His major achievements involved the discoveries related to astronomy, improvements to the telescope, and advancements on physics and science. In 1602, Galileo made his most notable discovery about the pendulum – the period that the time in which a pendulum swings back and forth does not depend on the arc of the swing.
Sigmund Freud’s work into the world of the subconscious changed the people’s perception. By acquainting a method with test, the oblivious personality, Freud gave valuable devices to understanding the secret desires of the majority. Unwittingly, his work served as the precursor to a world full of political spin doctors, marketing moguls, and society’s belief that the pursuit of satisfaction and happiness is man’s ultimate goal. Out of this came a political movement that sought to create new beings free of the psychological conformity which had been implanted in people’s minds by business and politics. However, the American companies soon understood this new self was not a risk but rather their most prominent opportunity. It was in their interest to encourage people to feel they were unique individuals and then sell them ways to express that individuality.
On August 24, 1995, Windows 95 was presented to the general population, starting an unrest that has helped moulding the innovation world for the following two decades. For possibly the first time, a software launch became a massive global event. The software was a leap forward in graphic design and worked with almost all the hardware on the market, as well as being released with impeccable timing. Not only were home computers becoming rapidly more affordable, consumers were beginning to realise that there was more to PCs than spreadsheets.
(14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He is best known by the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.